Women in West London’s History: Conference on 28 March
Richmond Local History Society is co-sponsoring the 35th West London Local History Conference, which will be held on Saturday 28 March 2015 at the University of West London, The Paragon, Boston Manor Road, Brentford on Saturday 28 March 2015.
Tickets, £15, are available only in advance at Richmond Local History Society lectures or from J McNamara, 31B Brook Road South, Brentford TW8 0NN. Please send a stamped addressed envelope and a cheque made payable to “West London History Conference”.
Our next Richmond Local History Society talk is on conscientious objection in the First World War
On Monday 27 April 2015, at 8pm, Ben Copsey from the Peace Pledge Union will talk about TRIBUNALS AND TRIBULATIONS: THE RICHMOND EXPERIENCE OF CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION
Ben Copsey is the Project Manager for the Peace Pledge Union’s “Objecting to War” project, which focuses on the lives and experiences of Greater London’s 2,000 First World War Conscientious Objectors. Through research, public meetings, talks and interviews, the project aims to ensure the memories and stories of the men who refused to be forced to fight in the war are not forgotten during the centenary.
With the introduction of conscription for the first time in British history in 1916, thousands of men were left with a difficult choice: abandon their religious, political or ethical convictions or face the harsh censure of both the public and the government by becoming Conscientious Objectors. This talk will examine some of the reasons and motivations behind Conscientious Objection as well as taking a look at the momentous consequences this choice had for many Richmond men.
Richmond Old Burial Ground
Over 1000 graves, recording the deaths of more than 2000 people, have been photographed and the inscriptions noted by a group of volunteers. A list has now been published on this website.
Elections to the Society’s committee, including the post of Chairman, will be held at the Annual General Meeting on 18 May 2015. In the meantime, Robert Smith, the Society’s web editor, has been appointed as Acting Chairman following the death, in November 2014, of Christopher May.Read more about Christopher May.
David Blomfield, Vice-President, has resumed the role of editor of Richmond History, the Society’s journal; the next issue will be published in May.
Our journal, Richmond History
Remaining copies of our journal, Richmond History, no. 35 (2014) are on sale, at £4.95 (£3.95 to members).
Journal no. 36 (2015) is in preparation and is due to published in May. It will be edited by David Blomfield. Before his death, Christopher May handed over to David a fair number of articles ready for this issue, but there is still room for more. With the sad loss this year of our two most eminent researchers, we aim to maintain their high standards. If you have something to contribute, please contact David by email (email@example.com) or tel (020 8940 8749), or by post at 7 Leyborne Park, Kew, Richmond TW9 3HB.
Winnie in Richmond
So far as is known Winston Churchill only made two visits to Richmond during the Second World War. They couldn’t have been in more different circumstances.
The first was during the height of the Blitz. On 10 October 1940 Churchill made a surprise visit to 333 Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery in Richmond Park. The unit war diary records that he arrived at 8.30pm and spent about 75 minutes with the unit: “Prime Minister, Lt Gen Sir Frederick Pyle, Maj Gen Crossman, with other visitors arrive and inspect all instructions on position. They watch unseen target shooting first with VIE [?] and subsequently GL [gun laying].” Sir Frederick was General Officer Commanding Anti-Aircraft Command and Crossman was the Officer Commanding 1 Anti-Aircraft Division. Senior figures indeed. Nothing else is known about the visit or where Churchill came from or went to next.
The other took place on 2 July 1945 in very different circumstances. By now the war was all but over. Back home a general election had been called. As part of the campaigning Churchill made a triumphant procession through south-west London. The event had been well publicised and tens of thousands had turned out to cheer the Prime Minister. At 5.45pm he was due to arrive on Richmond Green, where he was to speak on behalf of the Conservative candidate George Harvie Watt, who had been Churchill’s private parliamentary secretary during the war.
He arrived in Richmond along the Lower Mortlake Road. The Times reporter said of the Prime Minister that “smiling he smoked his cigar and alternatively gave the V sign or waved his hat.”
Marie Lawrence, who was returning from a driving lesson, noted in her diary: “People were thronging everywhere to see Winnie. I came away from Holbrook and met Mrs Humphreys who was waiting for Churchill. Just at that moment came the outriders, then the mounted police, then a long open car and standing in the middle making the V sign to Churchill. The crowd went wild and shouted and cheered.”
The Prime Minister arrived on Richmond Green, which was full of thousands of his cheering and admiring supporters. There’s a short clip of film at Richmond Local Studies Library showing the PM’s arrival surrounded by crowds of people. Churchill is seen standing waving his hat. Standing on the running board at the back of the car are two Special Branch officers looking for all the world like American gangsters.
The Times said that “Churchill’s car stopped under some trees and here he made a long speech… Mr Churchill’s voice amplified by loud speakers was resonant and was clearly heard. ‘Can you hear me?” he asked at the beginning. The ‘Are we downhearted?’ When the cheers in response died away he said amid laughter ‘I only do this to test the microphone.’” He then spoke in support of Harvie Watt outlining his policies to rebuild post-war Britain.
The newspaper also noted that “The weather which had been threatening with overcast skies cleared while the Prime Minister was speaking and for a few minutes the sun shone… As Mr Churchill drove away [across Twickenham Bridge]… the people ran across the Green to give him a parting cheer. In a short time only a few people were left to listen to an address in an obscure corner of the cricket field on behalf of the Liberal candidate.”
The procession across south-west London made little difference to the election result. Most of the constituencies he passed through voted Labour, although Richmond remained in Conservative hands.
Richmond Park and its role in the First World War: a free exhibition
The Hearsum Collection at Pembroke Lodge has a free exhibition about Richmond Park and its important role in the First World War.